copyright 2014
Dottie Hoeschen
all rights reserved
People have been tying knots since the beginning of time and they serve both utilitarian and decorative purposes. It is a fascinating combination of art and science.

I hope that these step by step photos will take some of the mystery out and encourage you to try it on your own.
By the way, a knot can have several different names, so don't be surprised if you find these same knots under different names.
Overhand Knot:
This is the one we all know. We learned how to tie an overhand knot when we learned to tie our shoe laces.
Larks Head Knot:
This kind of knot is used to connect the cord to an object. Slide the loop around around the object (in this case a chopstick) and pull the tails through the loop.
1.
2.
Square Knot:
The square knot is the basis of many designs. It is also called a Flat Knot or Reef Knot. If you can only learn one knot, this is the one to learn.  I will show you two ways to tie a square knot.
Try both and then use the one that seems easiest to you.

Method 1:
A single tightened Square Knot.
Three completed Square Knots.
 A row of knots is called a "sennit".
Half Knot:
If you only use Steps 1 and 2 of the Square Knot, you have tied a Half Knot. Tying a half knot over and over will create a spiral sennit.
Alternating Half Hitch:
1.
2.
The Alternating Half Hitch switches back and forth between the two cords.
Horizontal Double Half Hitch:
1.
2.
3.
Diagonal Double Half Hitch:
1.  The left cord goes over the center, then under the right cord.








1. Tie two half hitches around the "carrier cord" (it carries the knots). A pin between cords #1 and #2 helps to give you something to pull against.


2. Pull it snug while you hold the carrier cord straight out (horizontal).


3. A completed row of knots.
The Diagonal Double Half Hitch is tied in exactly the same way as the Horizontal Double Half Hitch, except that you hold the carrier cord at a diagonal as you tie the knots.
Flowered Macrame Bracelet
Click on the images to enlarge.
Overhand Knot
Larkshead Knot 1
Larkshead Knot 2
Square Knot 1
Square Knot 2
Square Knot 3
Square Knot 4
Finished Square Knot
3 Square Knots
Half Knot
Alternating Half Knot 1
Alternating Half Knot 2
Horizontal Double Half Hitch 1
Horizontal Double Half Hitch 2
Horizontal Double Half Hitch 3
Diagonal Double Half Hitch
And now for Part 2 : 
I've gotten such a good response to my macrame tutorial that I decided to add more knots!  So, here are 12 of the basic knots. Enjoy........
Vertical Larkshead Knot
1.
2.
3.
4.
Click on images to enlarge.
Berry Knot
This knot can be used for beautiful embellishments.
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
Josephine Knot
This knot has many names.
2.
3.
4.
Alternating Square Knot
I used eight cords, but you can use a different number if you wish. You may need to adjust a little to make things work out.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Vertical Double Half Hitch
Instead of changing the "working cord" with every knot you tie (as in horizontal double half hitch), the vertical double half hitch uses the same cord to tie knots all the way across the row.
1.
2.
3.
4.
1. Left cord goes over and around the right cord. It comes through the space between the two cord and over itself. Pull snug (I didn't pull snug in the photo to make it easier to see).




2. Left cord goes under and around the right cord. Then it passes through the space and under itself.




3. Pull snug.




4. Repeat over and over to create a sennit.
1. Place a pin between cord #1 and #2 to serve as an anchor to pull against. Tie a half hitch with cord #1, around cord #2. Pull it snug.



2. Tie a second half hitch with cord #1, around cord #2. Pull it snug.


3. Using the same cord as your working cord, move to the next cord in the row and repeat steps to tie another vertival half hitch around the new cord.


4. Pull it all snug.






Keep repeating until the row is complete.
1. Tie a row (sennit) if square knots. A minimum of three knots is needed. The photo shows four.



2. Take the center cords, pass them up and between the middle of the cords above the knots.



3. Pull down so that the square knots curl up into a ball.



4. Use these same cords to tie a square knot around the cords that were not pulled through the  cords above the knot.
1. Use the left cord to make a right facing loop .The lower part of the cord should pass behind the upper part.


2. Take the right cord, lay it across the loop you made in Step1, then pass it under the lower part of the left cord.


3. Bring the it around, passing over the left cord (above the loop), under the top part of the loop, over the part of cord that is laid on top of the loop, and under the outside part of the loop.  Click on all the photos to enlarge them and see the cord path.


4. Gently tighten, keeping the two sides even.








For a double knot add a second cord to each side.




1. Begin with eight cords hanging down (four cords doubled) and tie a square knot with cords #1 and #4.

 Tie a second square knot using cords #5 and #8.




2. Tie a square knot using cords #3 and #6.




3. Repeat Step 1.




4. Repeat Step 2.




5. Keep alternating between Steps #1 and #2 until it is as long as you want.
A Half Hitch is tied by passing the working cord around the carrier cord and then through the loop formed. See photo #1.
Vert. Larkshead 1
Vert. Larkshead 2
Vert. Larkshead 3
Vert. Larkshead 4
Vert. Double Half Hitch 1
Vert. Double Half Hitch 2
Vert. Double Half Hitch 3
Berry Knot 1
Berry Knot 3
Berry Knot 4
Josephine Knot 1
Josephine Knot 2
Finished Double Josephine Knot
Alt. Square Knot 2
Alt. Square Knot 4
Alt. Square Knot 5
Vert.Half Hitch 4
Finished Row VDHH
Berry Knot 2
Josephine Knot 4
Alt. Square Knot 3
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(step by step)
Alt. Square Knot 1
Josephine Knot 3
2. The right cord goes under the center, then comes up through the hole (and passes over the left cord).
3. The left cord goes under the center, and over the right cord.
4. The right cord goes over the center and then down through the hole (and passes under the left cord.
Method 2:
1.  The left cord goes over the center, then under the right cord.








2. The right cord goes under the center, then comes up through the hole (and passes over the left cord).
3. Right cord goes over the center, then under the left.
4. Left cord goes under the center, then comes up through the hole (and passes over the right cord).